MAHANAIM


MAHANAIM
MAHANAIM (Heb. מַחֲנַיִם), locality east of the Jordan which was named by Jacob before he crossed the Jabbok on his way to penuel ; according to the etiological version in Genesis 32:3, he named it "God's camp" after he saw the angels of God there. It was on the border between the territories of the half-tribe of Manasseh and of the tribe of Gad (Josh. 13:26, 30); it also appears as a levitical city in Gad (Josh. 21:38; I Chron. 6:65). After the disastrous battle of Mt. Gilboa, Abner son of Ner, captain of Saul's army, took Ish-Bosheth, Saul's son, to Mahanaim and established it as the capital of the dynasty of Saul (II Sam. 2:8); from Mahanaim he started out on his ill-fated expedition to Gibeon and to it he later returned (2:12, 29). It was also chosen by David as his capital during Absalom's rebellion; here he received supplies from Barzillai and other Gileadites (17:24, 27), set out for battle with the rebels, and received the news of Absalom's death. It appears for the last time in the Bible as the capital of Solomon's seventh district with Ahinadab the son of Iddo as its governor (I Kings 4:14). In Shishak's list of conquered towns, it occurs as one of the cities captured during his campaign in the fifth year of Rehoboam. All sources point to its location in the vicinity of the Jabbok in central Gilead, but its exact identification is disputed. The earliest identification of the place with Khirbat al-Makhna 2.5 mi. (4 km.) north of Aijalon, following Estori ha-Parḥi (13th century), has been discarded by modern scholars. Dalman was the first to point to the twin site of Tulūl al-Dhahab on the Jabbok; Glueck, however, would look there for Penuel. Aharoni suggests that the western mound of Tulūl al-Dhahab is Mahanaim and that the eastern mound is Penuel. De Vaux and Noth suggest Tell al-Ḥajaj, uphill and to the south of the Jabbok. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Glueck, in: AASOR, 18/19 (1939), 232–5; EM, S.V. (incl. bibl.); Aharoni, Land, index. (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mahanaim — (meaning two camps in Hebrew) is a place near Jabbok, beyond the Jordan River, mentioned a number of times by the Bible. The precise location of Mahanaim is very uncertain, the Biblical data being inconclusive. Although two possible sites have… …   Wikipedia

  • Mahanaim — Mahanaïm Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Mahanaïm (Hébreu מחנים les campements ) peut faire référence : à la localité de Mahanaïm évoquée dans le Livre de la Genèse. au kibboutz… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mahanaim — (hebr., »Doppellager«), Levitenstadt in Palästina, jenseit des Jordans, auf der Grenze der Stämme Gad und Manasse. Dort wurde Isboseth zum König ausgerufen, und dorthin floh David vor Absalom …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • MAHANAIM — nomen loci, in quo obviam facti sunt Angeli patri nostro Iacob, ab ipso propterea impositum, quod duas turmas vidisset, in eo loco, suam, et Angelorum Gen. c. 32. v. 2 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Mahanaïm — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Mahanaïm (Hébreu מחנים les campements ) peut faire référence : à la localité de Mahanaïm évoquée dans le Livre de la Genèse. au kibboutz appelé… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mahanaim —    Two camps, a place near the Jabbok, beyond Jordan, where Jacob was met by the angels of God, and where he divided his retinue into two hosts on his return from Padan aram (Gen. 32:2). This name was afterwards given to the town which was built… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Mahanaim — Mahanạim,   arabisch Tẹll ed Dạhab, Ruinenstätte unweit des Jabbok in Jordanien, in der Bibel Lagerplatz Jakobs und Stätte seines Kampfes mit Gott (1. Mose 32, 3) sowie Fluchtort Davids vor Absalom (2. Samuel 17, 24).   Literatur:   R. A.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Mahanaim (kibboutz) — Mahanaïm (kibboutz) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mahanaïm. Mahanaïm (מחנים) est un kibboutz fondé en 1898, sur des terrains acquis grâce à l organisation Amour de Sion de Galicie. Ses membres vivent des revenus de l agriculture, de vergers,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mahanaïm (kibboutz) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mahanaïm. Mahanaïm (מחנים) est un kibboutz fondé en 1898. Il se situe à 3 km de Rosh Pina. Mahanaïm est établi sur des terrains acquis e 1892 grâce à l organisation Amour de Sion de Galicie. Quelques… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Beth Mahanaïm — Fronton de l entr …   Wikipédia en Français


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